There are so many different exfoliation methods for refreshing the skin. Based on your skin type, you should exfoliate your skin at least once a week because exfoliation is necessary for relieving skin conditions such as rosacea.
How to exfoliate
Different tools and methods are used to exfoliate the skin. Brushes and facial scrubs are forms of physical or mechanical exfoliation. On the other hand, skin peels and acids are forms of chemical exfoliation.
Mechanical/ physical exfoliation
- Brush. A bristle brush is used on the body or face to remove layers of dead skin.
- Sponge. This is a gentler tool to exfoliate the skin. Lather an exfoliating sponge with warm water, body wash or soap in the shower.
- Scrub. Scrub can be applied directly to the skin using gentle, circular motions. Wash your skin with warm water after massaging the scrub.
- Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). AHAs are a type of chemical exfoliator that includes glycolic, tartaric, lactic, and citric acids. These acids work by breaking apart bonds of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin. As result, your skin will naturally shed dead particles.
- Beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs). BHAs are another type of chemical exfoliators. Some examples of BHAs are beta hydroxy and salicylic acid. These are more recommended for acne-prone skin.
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Exfoliation by skin type
Exfoliation is very important for flaky or dry skin. But, do not try mechanical exfoliation on dry skin as it can further dry the skin and can cause micro-tears. AHA chemical peels are quite effective for dry skin.
Glycolic acid also helps remove dead cells from the surface of the skin and makes skin fresh. Also, consider adding hyaluronic acid to your skincare routine as it helps the skin hydration levels. Apply SPF and moisturizer immediately after using chemical peels.
Avoid using mechanical methods of exfoliation especially scrubbing if you have sensitive skin. These physical methods will irritate your skin and can trigger redness. Use a mild chemical exfoliator. For acne-prone skin, you can try a salicylic acid peel from a dermatologist clinic.
Manual exfoliation and brushing can help oily skin. Oily skin has an extra layer of build-up that manual exfoliation can remove easily. Use an exfoliator in gentle, circular motions for best results.
If your skin doesn’t have any issues, you can apply any method of exfoliation. Manual and chemical exfoliations are both safe for this skin type.
Combination skin requires a combination of chemical and mechanical exfoliation. Never use both together as it can irritate the skin. Use a moisturizer immediately after exfoliation if your skin feels dry.
Include exfoliation in your skincare routine for a fresh and healthy glow. Other benefits include
- improves circulation
- encourages skin development, forms brighter skin
- allows better absorption of serums and moisturizers